Today is -

All Biograph Data

History DATA [as referenced in Biographies]
1066-2012

This is a list of all the historical data used in the various biographies, up to Nov 2012, Barack Obama's re-election as President of U.S.A.

14 Oct 1066 King Harold killed and English army routed at Battle of Hastings
25 Dec 1066 William I (the Conqueror) crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey
9 Sep 1087 Death of William the Conqueror at Rouen France
26 Sep 1087 Accession of William II (Rufus) son of William I
2 Aug 1100 William Rufus accidentally killed while hunting in the New Forest
5 Aug 1100 Accession of Henry I brother of William II
5 Mar 1133 Henry II first Plantagenet King of England born at Le Mans France
1 Dec 1135 Death of Henry I
22 Dec 1135 Accession of Stephen
25 Oct 1154 Death of Stephen
19 Dec 1154 Accession of Henry II first Plantagenet King of England
24 Dec 1167 King John born at Oxford (youngest son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine)
6 Jul 1189 Death of Henry II at Chinon France
3 Sep 1189 Accession of Richard I (Coeur de Lion)
6 Apr 1199 Death of Richard I
27 May 1199 Accession of John
1 Oct 1207 Henry III son of John born at Winchester Hampshire
15 Jun 1215 John forced to sign Magna Carta by his Barons
19 Oct 1216 Death of John
28 Oct 1216 Accession of Henry III
16 Nov 1272 Death of Henry III
20 Nov 1272 Accession of Edward I
7 Jul 1307 Death of Edward I
8 Jul 1307 Accession of Edward II
25 Feb 1308 Coronation of Edward II
20 Jan 1327 Death of Edward II
25 Jan 1327 Accession of Edward III
Jan 1340 Accession of Edward III to the throne of France
21 Jun 1377 Death of Edward III
22 Jun 1377 Accession of Richard II
16 Jul 1377 Coronation of Richard II
29 Sep 1399 Richard II abdicated and deposed by Parliament
30 Sep 1399 Parliament chose Henry IV as successor to Richard II
20 Mar 1413 Henry IV died of a stroke in Westminster Abbey
21 Mar 1413 Accession of Henry V eldest son of Henry IV
31 Aug 1422 Henry V died of dysentery at Vincennes France
1 Sep 1422 Accession of Henry VI 9-month-old son of Henry V
2 Oct 1452 Richard III youngest brother of Edward IV born at Fotheringhay Castle Northamptonshire
28 Jan 1457 Henry VII (founder of Tudor dynasty) born at Pembroke Castle
5 Mar 1461 Henry VI deposed by Edward IV
29 Sep 1470 Edward IV fled from England
13 Oct 1470 Henry VI re-crowned after his release on 3 Oct 1470
11 Apr 1471 Restoration of Henry VI ended when he was captured by Edward IV
9 Apr 1483 Accession of Edward V on death of Edward IV
25 Jun 1483 Edward V deposed by Richard III
26 Jun 1483 Accession of Richard III
22 Aug 1485 Richard III killed at Battle of Bosworth. Accession of Henry VII
28 Jun 1491 Henry VIII born at Greenwich second son of Henry VII
21 Apr 1509 Death of Henry VII at Richmond Surrey
22 Apr 1509 Accession of Henry VIII
11 Jun 1509 Henry VIII married Catharine of Aragon
24 Jun 1509 Coronation of King Henry VIII
18 Feb 1516 Mary I born at Greenwich Palace only surviving child of Catharine of Aragon
1527 Formal proceedings instituted for an annulment of the King's marriage to Catharine
25 Jan 1533 Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn were secretly married
May 1533 Archbishop Cranmer declared Henry's marriage to Catharine of Aragon invalid
Jun 1533 Anne Boleyn was crowned Queen
7 Sep 1533 Elizabeth I born at Greenwich Palace only child of Henry VIII & Anne Boleyn
22 Apr 1534 Silver Jubilee of Henry VIII
7 Jan 1536 Catharine of Aragon mother of Mary I died at Kimbolton Palace
19 May 1536 Anne Boleyn second wife of Henry VIII executed on Tower Green
30 May 1536 Henry VIII married his third wife Jane Seymour in Whitehall
12 Oct 1537 Jane Seymour died giving birth to Edward VI at Hampton Court
1538 Clergy told to keep Register of Baptisms Marriages & Burials
13 Feb 1542 Catherine Howard 5th wife of Henry VIII executed on Tower Green
12 Jul 1543 Henry VIII married his sixth wife Catherine Parr
28 Jan 1547 Accession of Edward VI on death of Henry VIII at Whitehall Palace
20 Feb 1547 Coronation of Edward VI (age 9) in Westminster Abbey
6 Jul 1553 Throne claimed by Jane on death of Edward VI at Greenwich
19 Jul 1553 Accession of Mary I on removal of Jane
17 Nov 1558 Accession of Elizabeth I on death of Mary I at St. James's Palace
15 Jan 1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I
19Jun1566 Birth of James I of England at Edinburgh Castle only son of Mary Queen of Scots & Darnley
24 Feb 1582 Pope Gregory XIII enacted a new calendar. Ten days were omitted and the last years of centuries were not to be leap years unless divisible by 400.
4 Oct 1582 Last day when Julian calendar was in use in Rome
5 Oct 1582 Became 15 Oct 1582 in Portugal and Spain
5 Oct 1582 Became 15 Oct 1582 in Rome and most of Italy
22 Oct 1582 Became 1 Nov 1582 in Hungary
10 Dec 1582 Became 20 Dec 1582 in France and French Colonies
22 Dec 1582 Became 1 Jan 1583 in Belgium, Flanders, Catholic Netherlands, Holland and Zealand
14 Feb 1583 Became 24 Feb 1583 in Augsburg (Germany)
6 Oct 1583 Became 16 Oct 1583 in Austria (Tyrol) and Bavaria
17 Nov 1583 Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth I
7 Jan 1584 Became 17 Jan 1584 in Bohemia
12 Jan 1584 Became 22 Jan 1584 in Roman Catholic Switzerland
13 Jan 1584 Became 23 Jan 1584 in Lousitz and Silesia (Germany)
17 Jun 1585 Became 27 Jun 1585 in Paderborn (Germany)
8 Feb 1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay Castle
29 Jul 1588 Defeat of the Spanish Armada sent by Philip II to invade England
1598 Parish registers required on parchment. Entries from 1558 copied
24 Mar 1603 Accession of James I (of England) previously James VI of Scotland
24 Mar 1603 Death of Elizabeth I in Richmond Palace aged 69
28 Apr 1603 Funeral of Elizabeth I at Westminster Abbey
25 Jul 1603 Coronation of James I
23 Aug 1612 Became 2 Sep 1612 in Prussia
14 Dec 1615 Became 24 Dec 1615 in Pfalz-Neuberg (Germany)
27 Mar 1625 Accession of Charles I on death of James I at Cheshunt Hertfordshire
29 May 1630 King Charles II born at St James's Palace son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria
22 Aug 1642 Civil War in England began when Charles raised his standard at Nottingham
30 Jan 1649 Charles I beheaded at Whitehall Palace. Retrospective start of reign of Charles II
14 Feb 1649 Government by a Council of State was established
17 Mar 1649 Kingship was abolished
16 Dec 1653 Oliver Cromwell took Oath of Office as Lord Protector
3 Sep 1658 Succession of Richard Cromwell on death of his father Oliver Cromwell
24 May 1659 Abdication of Richard Cromwell from office of Lord Protector
5 May 1660 Charles II proclaimed King (de jure King from 30 Jan 1649)
29 May 1660 Restoration of Charles II on his arrival in London
2 Sep 1666 The Great Fire of London began at Pudding Lane
6 Sep 1666 The Great Fire of London burnt itself out
30 Jan 1674 Silver Jubilee of Charles II
19 Feb 1682 Became 1 Mar 1682 in Strasburg
10 Nov 1683 Birth of George II at Hanover - only son of George I
6 Feb 1685 Accession of James II on death of his brother Charles II
10 Jun 1688 James Stuart the 'Old Pretender' born at St. James's Palace only son of James II
13 Feb 1689 Accession of William III & Mary II after abdication of her father James II
28 Dec 1694 Mary II died of smallpox after which William III reigned alone
3 Oct 1699 Protestant Germany began to adopt the Gregorian Calendar
1700 Sweden omitted Leap Years until 1740 for gradual adoption of Gregorian Calendar
19 Feb 1700 Became 1 Mar 1700 in Denmark Protestant Netherlands Norway and Protestant cantons of Switzerland
8 Mar 1702 Death of William III when his horse fell at Hampton Court. Crown passed to Anne
1 Aug 1714 George I (of Hanover) proclaimed King of Great Britain under Act of Settlement of 1701
1 Aug 1714 Queen Anne, the last Stuart sovereign died. None of her children survived her
20 Oct 1714 Coronation of King George I
1715 General Election in Great Britain
22 Dec 1715 James Stuart the 'Old Pretenderí landed at Peterhead to claim the throne
31 Dec 1720 Bonnie Prince Charlie was born in Rome son of the 'Old Pretender'
1722 All men over 18 in England had to swear an Oath of Allegiance
1722 General Election in Great Britain
1727 General Election in Great Britain
10 Jun 1727 George I died at Osnabruck on his way to Hanover
11 Jun 1727 Accession of George II on death of his father George I
11 Oct 1727 Coronation of George II
1728 Sir Robert Walpole became Prime Minister
1734 General Election in Great Britain
4 Jun 1738 George III grandson of George II born at St James's Square London
1741 General Election in Great Britain
19 Aug 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie raised the Stuart standard at Glenfinnan claiming the throne
20 Sep 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie escaped from Scotland to France
1747 General Election in Great Britain
24 Mar 1751 Chesterfield's Act made this the last day of 1750/51 in Great Britain and it Colonies
25 Mar 1751 First day of year 1751 in Great Britain and its Colonies
31 Dec 1751 Last day of the year 1751 in Great Britain and its Colonies
1 Jan 1752 First day of the year 1752 in Great Britain and its Colonies
11 Jun 1752 Silver Jubilee of George II
2 Sep 1752 Last day when the Julian Calendar was in use in Great Britain
3 Sep 1752 Became 14 Sep 1752 in Great Britain and its Colonies
18 Mar 1753 Became 1 Mar 1753 in Finland
1754 General Election in Great Britain
25 Mar 1754 Hardwicke's Act - Banns & Marriage Register books introduced
1761 Pitt "the Elder" became Prime Minister
25 Oct 1760 Accession of George III on death of his grandfather George II in Kensington
1761 General Election in Great Britain
May 1762 Marquis of Bute became head of government
Apr 1763 Marquis of Bute resigned. Grenville became Prime Minister
1765 Marquess of Rockingham became Prime Minister
1768 General Election in Great Britain
1768 Grafton appointed Chief Minister
1 May 1769 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington born in Dublin
1770 George III appointed Lord North as Chief Minister
16 Dec 1773 The 'Boston Tea Party' took place off Griffin's Wharf in Boston Massachusetts as a protest against British taxation
1774 General Election in Great Britain
4 Jul 1776 The Declaration of Independence was adopted in Philadelphia
1780 General Election in Great Britain
19 Oct 1781 Lord Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown Virginia to end the American War of Independence
7 Dec 178 William Pitt "the Younger" became Prime Minister (Tory)
27 Mar 1782 Marquess of Rockingham became Prime Minister (Whig)
13 Jul 1782 Earl of Shelburne became Prime Minister (Whig)
4 Apr 1783 Duke of Portland became Prime Minister of Coalition Government
Apr 1784 General Election in Great Britain
25 Oct 1785 Silver Jubilee of George III
4 Mar 1789 George Washington became 1st President of U.S.A.
14 Jul 1789 Storming of the Bastille by the citizens of Paris began the French Revolution
4 Mar 1793 George Washington began second term as President of U.S.A.
1796 General Election in Great Britain
26 Feb 1797 One Pound notes were first issued by the Bank of England
4 Mar 1797 John Adams became 3rd President of U.S.A.
1801 General Election in Great Britain
4 Mar 1801 Thomas Jefferson became 4th President of U.S.A.
21 Mar 1801 Henry Addington became Prime Minister (Tory)
1802 General Election in Great Britain
16 May 1804 William Pitt returned as Prime Minister (Tory)
18 May 1804 Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France
4 Mar 1805 Thomas Jefferson began second term as President of U.S.A.
5 Oct 1805 Admiral Lord Nelson died at Battle of Trafalgar
1806 General Election in Great Britain
Jan 1806 Death of William Pitt
10 Feb 1806 Lord Grenville became Prime Minister of Coalition Government
1807 General Election in Great Britain
31 Mar 1807 Duke of Portland became Prime Minister (Tory)
1809 South Stack lighthouse built
4 Mar 1809 James Madison became 6th President of U.S.A.
6 Dec 1809 Spencer Perceval became Prime Minister (Tory)
25 Oct 1810 Golden Jubilee of George III
5 Feb 1811 Act of Regency proclaimed George IV Head of State
1812 General Election in Great Britain
1812 Mill owner William Horsfall shot and killed by Luddites in Huddersfield. Seventeen men sentenced to hang at York.
1812 Prime Minister Spencer Perceval shot and killed by John Bellingham a mentally deranged commercial agent who was acclaimed by the Luddites as a hero
16 Jun 1812 Earl of Liverpool became Prime Minister (Tory)
28 Jul 1812 Rose's Act (52 Geo .III. Cap. 146.) passed requiring separate registers for Baptisms & Burials
4 Mar 1813 James Madison began second term as President of U.S.A.
18 Jun 1815 Final defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo by Wellington and Blucher
4 Mar 1817 James Monroe became 8th President of U.S.A.
1818 General Election in Great Britain
1820 General Election in Great Britain
29 Jan 1820 Accession of George IV when George III died at Windsor Castle
4 Mar 1821 James Monroe began second term as President of U.S.A.
4 Mar 1825 John Quincy Adams became 10th President of U.S.A.
1826 The 286 mile A5 from London to Holyhead was completed by Thomas Telford. Journey time by horse-drawn coach: was now 27 hours
1826 Thomas Telford's Britannia Bridge opened
30 Apr 1827 George Canning became Prime Minister (Tory)
8 Sep 1827 Viscount Goderich became Prime Minister (Tory)
1828 General Election in Great Britain
26 Jan 1828 Duke of Wellington became Prime Minister (Tory)
4 Mar 1829 Andrew Jackson became 11th President of U.S.A.
26 Jun 1830 Accession of William IV on death of George IV
Jul 1830 General Election in Great Britain
15 Nov 1830 Wellington's government defeated
24 Nov 1830 Earl Grey became Prime Minister (Whig)
May 1831 General Election in Great Britain
8 Oct 1831 Russell's Reform Bill defeated
Dec 1831 County freeholders-property worth £2 a year; County copyholders renting at £10 a year; County £10 leaseholders with 60 year leases; County £50 leaseholders with 20 year lease
Jun 1832 House of Lords reluctantly passed the Great Reform Bill abolishing 'Rotten Boroughs'
Dec 1832 General Election. Franchise: Borough householders-property worth £10 a year
4 Mar 1833 Andrew Jackson began second term as President of U.S.A.
1834 Boards of Guardians set up to administer the Poor Law
13 Jul 1834 Viscount Melbourne became Prime Minister (Whig)
26 Dec 1834 Sir Robert Peel became Prime Minister (Tory)
1835 General Election in Great Britain
1 Jan 1835 Strike in Cornish Tin Mines
18 Mar 1835 Viscount Melbourne became Prime Minister (Whig)
1836 Tithe Commutation Act allowed tithes to be commuted to a rent-charge
1837 General Election in Great Britain
4 Mar 1837 Martin van Buren became 13th President of U.S.A.
20 Jun 1837 Accession of Victoria on death of William IV
1 Jul 1837 Compulsory Civil Registration of Marriages and Deaths began in England & Wales
1 Jul 1837 Voluntary Civil Registration of Births began in England & Wales
1841 General Election in Great Britain
4 Mar 1841 William Henry Harrison became 14th President of U.S.A.
4 Apr 1841 John Tyler became 15th President of U.S.A.
6 Jun 1841 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record H0107) 1st to list names
6 Sep 1841 Sir Robert Peel became Prime Minister (Tory)
1845 Work started on 2.4 km Holyhead breakwater, designed by James Meadows Rendel and completed in 1873
4 Mar 1845 James K. Polk became 16th President of U.S.A.
6 Jul 1846 Lord John Russell became Prime Minister (Whig)
1847 General Election in Great Britain
1847 The oldest lifeboat station in Wales was built at Holyhead
31 Mar 1848 First Train to Holyhead from Llanfair P.G.
4 Mar 1849 Zachary Taylor became 17th President of U.S.A.
5 Mar 1850 Stephenson's Britannia Bridge for trains was opened after 4 years building
9 Jul 1850 Millard Fillimore became 18th President of U.S.A.
30 Mar 1851 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record H0107) 1st to list relationships
1 May 1851 The Great Exhibition housed in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park London was opened by Queen Victoria
28 Feb 1852 Earl of Derby became Prime Minister (Tory)
Jul 1852 General Election in Great Britain
14 Sep 1852 Duke of Wellington died at Walmer Castle, Kent
28 Dec 1852 Earl of Aberdeen became Prime Minister (Peelite)
4 Mar 1853 Franklin Pierce became 19th President of U.S.A.
1855 W.O. Stanley built Holyhead's Market Hall
1 Jan 1855 Civil Registration of Births/Marriages/Deaths began in Scotland
10 Feta 1855 Viscount Palmerston became Prime Minister (Liberal)
1857 General Election in Great Britain
4 Mar 1857 James Buchanan became 20th President of U.S.A.
11 Jan 1858 Civil jurisdiction of Probate came into effect
25 Feb 1858 Earl of Derby became Prime Minister (Conservative)
1859 General Election in Great Britain
1859 The sailing vessel 'Royal Charter' was sunk off Moelfre, Anglesey with loss of over 450 Iives
18 Jun 1859 Viscount Palmerston's second Ministry (Liberal)
4 Mar 1861 Abraham Lincoln became 21st President of U.S.A.
7 Apr 1861 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record RG 9)
20 Jun 1862 Silver Jubilee of Victoria
10 Mar 1863 Prince of Wales (Edward VII) married Princess Alexandra of Denmark at Windsor
1865 General Election in Great Britain
4 Mar 1865 Abraham Lincoln began second term as President of U.S.A.
14 Apr 1865 Abraham Lincoln shot through the head by John Wilkes Booth and died the following day
15 Apr 1865 Andrew Johnson became 23rd President of U.S.A.
6 Nov 1865 Earl Russell became Prime Minister (Liberal)
6 Jul 1866 Earl of Derby became Prime Minister (Conservative)
1867 Second Reform Act
1868 General Election in Great Britain under the new franchise: Male borough householders resident for 1 year; Borough heads of families in unfurnished rooms £10 a year
27 Feb 1868 Benjamin Disraeli became Prime Minister (Conservative)
9 Dec 1868 William Gladstone became Prime Minister (Liberal)
4 Mar 1869 Ulysses S. Grant became 24th President of U.S.A.
1871 Stanley sailor's hospital, Holyhead founded by public subscriptions
2 Apr 1871 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record RG10)
1 Jan 1873 Japan adopted the Gregorian Calendar (previously Japanese Calendar)
4 Mar 1873 Ulysses S. Grant began second term as President of U.S.A.
1874 General Election in Great Britain
21 Feb 1874 Benjamin Disraeli's second Ministry (Conservative)
1875 Civil registration of births became compulsory in England and Wales
4 Mar 1877 Rutherford B. Hayes became 28th President of U.S.A.
1 Jan 1880 School attendance became compulsory up to the age of 10
28 Apr 1880 William Gladstone's second Ministry (Liberal)
20 Dec 1880 First Boer War began
4 Mar 1881 James A. Garfield became 27th President of U.S.A.
23 Mar 1881 First Boer War ended
3 Apr 1881 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record RG 11 )
19 Apr 1881 Benjamin Disraeli (Lord Beaconsfield) died at Hughenden Buckinghamshire
19 Sep 1881 Chester A. Arthur became 28th President of U.S.A.
Dec 1884 Third Reform Act (Gladstone's Franchise Bill) passed after opposition from House of Lords
4 Mar 1885 Grover Cleveland became 29th President of U.S.A.
24 Jun 1885 Marquess of Salisbury became Prime Minister (Conservative)
Nov 1885 General Election in Great Britain under the new franchise (no overall majority): County male householders resident for 1 year; County heads of families in unfurnished rooms
6 Feb 1886 William Gladstone's third Ministry (Liberal)
Jul 1886 General Election in Great Britain
3 Aug 1886 Marquess of Salisbury's second Ministry (Conservative)
20 Jun 1887 Golden Jubilee of Victoria
4 Mar 1889 Benjamin Harrison became 30th President of U.S.A.
5 Apr 1891 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record RG 12)
Aug 1892 General Election in Great Britain
18 Aug 1892 William Gladstone's fourth Ministry (Liberal)
4 Mar 1893 Grover Cleveland began second term as President of U.S.A.
3 Mar 1894 Succession of Earl of Rosebery as Prime Minister (Liberal)
2 Jul 1895 Marquess of Salisbury's third Ministry (Conservative)
4 Mar 1897 William McKinley became 32nd President of U.S.A.
20 Jun 1897 Diamond Jubilee of Victoria
11 Oct 1899 Second Boer War began
22 Jan 1901 Accession of Edward VII on death of Victoria
4 Mar 1901 William McKinley began second term as President of U.S.A.
31 Mar 1901 Census in United Kingdom (Public Record on 1 Jan 2002)
14 Sep 1901 Theodore Roosevelt became 34th President of U.S.A.
31 May 1902 Second Boer War ended
22 Jul 1902 Arthur Balfour became Prime Minister (Conservative)
17 Dec 1903 Orville Wright made the first successful controlled flight in a powered aircraft near Kitty Hawk North Carolina
4 Mar 1905 Theodore Roosevelt began second term as President of U.S.A.
5 Dec 1905 Sir H Campbell-Bannerman became Prime Minister (Liberal)
7 Feb 1906 General Election in Great Britain
8 Apr 1908 H H Asquith became Prime Minister (Liberal)
4 Mar 1909 William H. Taft became 36th President of U.S.A.
9 Feb 1910 Asquith's second Ministry (Liberal)
9 Feb 1910 General Election in Great Britain
6 May 1910 Accession of George V on death of Edward VII
19 Dec 1910 Asquith's third Ministry (Liberal)
19 Dec 1910 General Election in Great Britain
2 Apr1911 Census in United Kingdom (First with questions about marriage and children. Released with redaction in Jan 2009)
12 Feb 1912 China adopted the Gregorian Calendar (previously Chinese Calendar)
15 Apr 1912 The 'Titanic' (White Star liner) sank on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York after hitting an iceberg off Newfoundland with the loss of over 1500 lives
4 Mar 1913 Woodrow Wilson became 37th President of U.S.A.
4 Aug 1914 Britain declared war on Germany at start of World War 1
26 May 1915 H H Asquith formed a Coalition government
7 Dec 1916 David Lloyd-George became Prime Minister (Coalition)
1917 Russia and Turkey officially adopted the Gregorian Calendar. In Russia it was not fully recognised until May 1923.
4 Mar 1917 Woodrow Wilson began second term as President of U.S.A.
1918 Franchise extended to all males over 21 and women over 30 who were householders or wives of householders
11 Nov 1918 Armistice signed to end World War 1
5 Mar 1919 Became 18 Mar 1919 in Yugoslavia when the Gregorian Calendar was adopted
5 Mar 1920 Became 18 Mar 1920 in parts of Romania as the Gregorian Calendar was gradually adopted
4 Sep 1920 Became 17 Sep 1920 in parts of Bulgaria as the Gregorian Calendar was gradually adopted
4 Mar 1921 Warren G. Harding became 39th President of U.S.A.
19 Jun 1921 Census in United Kingdom (statistics published)
23 Oct 1922 A Bonar-Law became Prime Minister (Conservative)
15 Nov 1922 General Election in United Kingdom
5 Mar 1923 Became 18 Mar 1923 in parts of Greece as the Gregorian Calendar was gradually adopted
22 May 1923 Stanley Baldwin became Prime Minister (Conservative)
3 Aug 1923 Cavin Coolidge became 40th President of U.S.A.
6 Dec 1923 General Election in United Kingdom
22 Jan 1924 Ramsey MacDonald became Prime Minister (Labour)
29 Oct 1924 General Election in United Kingdom
4 Nov 1924 Stanley Baldwin's second Ministry (Conservative)
4 Mar 1925 Calvin Coolidge began second term as President of U.S.A.
1 Jan 1927 Registration of adopted children began
7 May 1928 Franchise extended to everyone over 21
4 Mar 1929 Herbert Hoover became 42nd President of U.S.A.
30 May 1929 General Election in United Kingdom
7 Jun 1929 Ramsey MacDonald's second Ministry (Labour)
26 Apr 1931 Census in United Kingdom (Records burnt by enemy action)
25 Aug 1931 Ramsey MacDonald formed a Coalition government
27 Oct 1931 General Election in United Kingdom
4 Mar 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt became 43rd President of U.S.A.
6 May 1935 Silver Jubilee of George V
1 Jun 1935 Driving tests and 'L' plates were introduced in Britain
7 Jun 1935 Stanley Baldwin formed a Coalition government
14 Nov 1935 General Election in United Kingdom
20 Jan 1936 Accession of Edward VIII on death of George V
11 Dec 1936 Edward VIII abdicated and his brother (Duke of York) became George VI
4 Mar 1937 Franklin D. Roosevelt began second term as President of U.S.A.
28 May 1937 Neville Chamberlain became Prime Minister (Coalition)
3 Sep 1939 Britain declared war on Germany at start of World War II
29 Sep 1939 Enumeration in United Kingdom (for issue of Identity Cards)
11 May 1940 Winston Churchill became Prime Minister (Coalition)
4 Mar 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt began third term as President of U.S.A.
6 Jun 1944 D-Day. Allied forces landed in Normandy
12 Jan 1945 Auswitz Concentration Camp liberated by Soviet Army
4 Mar 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt began fourth term as President of U.S.A.
12 Apr 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt died. Harry S. Truman became 44th President of U.S.A.
8 May 1945 VE Day. Germany surrendered - end of World War II in Europe
23 May 1945 Winston Churchill became caretaker Prime Minister (Conservative)
5 Jul 1945 General Election in United Kingdom
26 Jul 1945 Clement Attlee became Prime Minister (Labour)
6 Aug 1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima Japan
14 Aug 1945 VJ Day. Unconditional surrender of Japan - end of World War II
1 Apr 1947 School leaving age in Britain raised to 15
5 Jul 1948 The National Health Service came into operation in Great Britain
20 Jan 1949 Harry S. Truman began second term as President of U.S.A.
23 Feb 1950 Clement Attlee's second Ministry (Labour)
23 Feb 1950 General Election in United Kingdom
8 Apr 1951 Census in United Kingdom (statistics published)
25 Oct 1951 General Election in United Kingdom
26 Oct 1951 Winston Churchill again Prime Minister (Conservative)
6 Feb 1952 Accession of Elizabeth II on death of George VI
20 Jan 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower became 45th President of U.S.A.
29 May 1953 Mount Everest was conquered by Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tensing
2 Jun 1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey televised
5 Apr 1955 Sir Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister
6 Apr 1955 Succession of Sir Anthony Eden as Prime Minister (Conservative)
1 May 1955 FA Cup Final: Newcastle 3 Manchester City 1
25 May 1955 General Election in United Kingdom
25 May 1955 Sir Anthony Eden's second Ministry
10 Jan 1957 Succession of Harold Macmillan as Prime Minister (Conservative)
20 Jan 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower began second term as President of U.S.A.
9 Aug 1958 Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Charles & Princess Anne came ashore at Holyhead: first time on Welsh soil for Charles
8 Oct 1959 General Election in United Kingdom
8 Oct 1959 Harold Macmillan's second Ministry (Conservative)
20 Jan 1961 John F. Kennedy became 46th President of U.S.A.
23 Apr 1961 Census in United Kingdom (statistics published)
19 Oct 1963 Succession of Sir Alec Douglas-Home as Prime Minister (Conservative)
22 Nov 1963 John F. Kennedy assassinated in Dallas Texas. Lyndon B. Johnson became 47th President of U.S.A.
21 Apr 1964 Second BBC television channel (BBC2) opened
15 Oct 1964 General Election in United Kingdom
16 Oct 1964 Harold Wilson became Prime Minister (Labour)
20 Jan 1965 Lyndon B. Johnson began second term as President of U.S.A.
31 Mar 1966 General Election in United Kingdom
1 Apr 1966 Harold Wilson's second Ministry (Labour)
3 Dec 1967 Christian Barnard performed the first heart transplant operation at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town
23 Apr 1968 5p and 10p decimal coins were issued in Britain
20 Jan 1969 Richard M. Nixon became 48th President of U.S.A.
21 Jul 1969 Neil Armstrong (American) became the first man on the moon
1 Jan 1970 Age of majority lowered from 21 to 18 in Great Britain
18 Jun 1970 General Election in United Kingdom with everyone over 18 enfranchised
19 Jun 1970 Edward Heath became Prime Minister (Conservative)
15 Feb 1971 Decimalization of the currency of Britain
25 Apr 1971 Census in United Kingdom (statistics published)
1972 Stephenson's bridge reopened, now with spans supporting the archways
20 Jan 1973 Richard M. Nixon began second term as President of U.S.A.
27 Feb 1974 General Election in United Kingdom
4 Mar 1974 Harold Wilsonís third Ministry (Labour)
1 Apr 1974 Counties of England & Wales were reorganised
8 Aug 1974 Gerald Ford became 49th President of U.S.A.
8 Aug 1974 President Nixon resigned as a result of the Watergate scandal
9 Oct 1974 General Election in United Kingdom
10 Oct 1974 Harold Wilson's fourth Ministry (Labour)
16 May 1975 Regions Districts & Island Councils of Scotland were reorganised
31 Dec 1975 Children Act gave adopted people aged 18 and over right of access to the original records of their birth
5 Apr 1976 Succession of James Callaghan as Prime Minister (Labour)
20 Jan 1977 Jimmy Carter became 50th President of U.S.A.
6 Feb 1977 Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II
16 Oct 1978 Cardinal Wojtyla elected Pope as John Paul II
3 May 1979 General Election in United Kingdom
4 May 1979 Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister (Conservative)
20 Jan 1981 Ronald Reagan became 51st President of U.S.A.
5 Apr 1981 Census in United Kingdom (statistics published)
2 Apr 1982 Argentine forces invaded the Falkland Islands
14 Jun 1982 Argentine forces on the Falkland Islands surrendered
10 Jun 1983 General Election in United Kingdom
11 Jun 1983 Margaret Thatcher's second Ministry (Conservative)
20 Jan 1985 Ronald Reagan began second term as President of U.S.A.
11 Mar 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the Soviet Union
11 Jun 1987 General Election in United Kingdom
12 Jun 1987 Margaret Thatcher's third Ministry (Conservative)
20 Jan 1989 George Bush became 52nd President of U.S.A.
9 Nov 1989 Berlin Wall opened, leading to reunification of Germany
28 Nov 1990 Succession of John Major as Prime Minister (Conservative)
21 Apr 1991 Census in United Kingdom (Statistics published)
9 Apr 1992 General Election in United Kingdom
10 Apr 1992 John Major's second Ministry (Conservative)
20 Jan 1993 William Clinton became 53rd President of U.S.A.
12 Mar 1994 Church of England ordained its first women priests in Bristol Cathedral
26 Apr 1994 Start of polling in South Africa's first multi-racial elections
6 May 1994 Inauguration of the Channel Tunnel by Queen Elizabeth II and President Mitterrand
10 May 1994 Nelson Mandela (President of African National Congress) sworn in as President of South Africa
12 May 1994 John Smith Leader of the Labour Party died of a heart attack. He was succeeded by Tony Blair
22 Dec 1994 First fare-paying passengers took cars on train through Channel Tunnel
17 May 1995 Inauguration of Jacqus Chirac as President of France
24 May 1995 Harold Wilson (Lord Wilson of Rievaulx) Labour Prime Minister until 5 Apr 1976 died in London aged 79
9 Oct 1995 Sir Alec Douglas-Home Conservative Prime Minister until 15 Oct 1964 died in Scotland age 92
5 Nov 1996 William Clinton re-elected President of U.S.A.
1 May 1997 General Election in United Kingdom won by Labour Party with overall majority of 179 seats
2 May 1997 Tony Blair became Prime Minister (Labour)
31 Aug 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales killed in car crash in Paris
6 Sep 1997 Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales in Westminster Abbey
11 Sep 1997 Referendum on Devolution in Scotland. Big Majority in favour
18 Sep 1997 Referendum on Devolution in Wales. Small Majority in favour
18 Dec 1997 Nelson Mandela stepped down as President of African National Congress
22 May 1998 Referendum in Irish Republic. 94% in favour of ending Constitutional claim to Sovereignty in Ulster
22 May 1998 Referendum in Northern Ireland. 71% in favour of 'Good Friday' Peace Agreement
19 Dec 1998 U.S. House of Representatives voted to impeach President William Clinton
1 Jan 1999 Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal & Spain adopted the Euro as their common currency
18 Mar 1999 European Parliament forced the resignation of all European Commissioned
24 Mar 1999 NATO commenced bombing campaign against Serbia
10 Jun 1999 Serbia agreed to military withdraw from Kosovo
4 May 2000 Labour M.P. Ken Livingstone stood as an Independent and was elected Mayor of London
29 May 2000 Power-sharing executive was reconstituted in Northern Ireland after being suspended for 2 months
1 Jul 2000 Greece joined European Monetary Union and adopted the Euro
20 Jan 2001 George W. Bush sworn in as President of U.S.A.
7 Jun 2001 General Election in United Kingdom won by Labour Party with overall majority of 187 seats
11 Sep 2001 Hijackers crashed airliners onto World Trade Centre in New York, and the Pentagon in Washington D.C., killing thousands
7 Oct 2001 Anti-terrorist coalition, headed by U.S.A. & Britain, commenced Operation 'Enduring Freedom' against Osama bin Laden and the Taliban regime in Afghanistan
7 Dec 2001 Taliban regime collapsed. Interim government of Afghanistan agreed in Bonn
1 Jan 2002 Euro notes and coins in circulation
6 Feb 2002 Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II
20 Mar 2003 Coalition forces, headed by U.S.A. & Britain invaded Iraq
10 Apr 2003 Baghdad was captured, ending the regime of Saddam Hussein
24 Oct 2003 Last commercial flight of Concorde from New York to London
13 Aug 2004 Olympic Games opened in Athens
4 Nov 2004 George W. Bush re-elected President of U.S.A.
26 Dec 2004 Earthquake off coast of Sumatra causes massive Tsunami killing 150,000 people
30 Jan 2005 Democratic election held in Iraq with high turnout despite continuing terrorism
2 Apr 2005 Pope John Paul II died in the Vatican
19 Apr 2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope and took the name Benedict XVI
5 May 2005 General Election in United Kingdom won by Labour Party with overall majority of 65 seats
29 May 2005 French referendum on EU constitution
1 Jun 2005 Dutch referendum on EU constitution
6 Jun 2005 U.K. cancelled plans for referendum on EU constitution
1 Jul 2005 UK. took over presidency of EU
27 Jun 2007 Gordon Brown became Prime Minister of UK.
4 Nov 2008 Barack Obama elected President of U.S.A.
12 Jan 2009 Early release of 1911 Census for England & Wales
27-Feb-10 8.8-magnitude earthquake in Chile triggered a tsunami over the Pacific
6 May 2010 General Election in United Kingdom. No overall majority. David Cameron became Prime Minister through a coalition with the Liberal Democrats
11 Feb 2011 Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak resigned after widespread protests, leaving control of Egypt to the military
11 Mar 2011 9.1 -magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit east of Japan
27 Apr 2011 Wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton in Westminster Abbey
1 May 2011 Osama bin Laden, founder and leader of Al-Qaeda, killed during American operation in Pakistan
10 Jul 2011 'News of the World' closed down after 168 years because of mobile phone hacking scandal
Aug 2011 Colonel Gaddafi of Libya ousted by rebels assisted by NATO air strikes
6 Feb 2012 Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II
12 Aug 2012 Olympic Games opened in London
4 Nov 2012 Barack Obama re-elected President of U.S.A.